child playing

Explaining what autism means to a child with autism can be a unique and delicate process. As a parent, you may find yourself searching for the right words and approach to explain autism and help your child understand their own diagnosis. It’s important to remember to explain that autism in every child is different, so there is no one-size-fits-all approach to explain autism. However, here are some general tips and strategies to consider when explaining autism to your child:

parent and child

1. Start with Age-Appropriate Language

When talking to your child about autism, it’s crucial to use language that they can understand. Break down complex concepts into simple terms that align with their age and cognitive abilities. For example parents, instead of using medical jargon, explain that autism is a way their brain works differently from other kids, making them unique and special. You can say something like, “Some people have brains that work in special ways, and that’s what makes you amazing.”

parent and child

2. Use Visual Aids and Social Stories

Children with autism often respond well to visual aids and social stories. These tools can help simplify information and make it more accessible. Create visual diagrams to explain, or use picture books that depict autism in a positive and relatable way. Show them pictures of different types of brains and explain that everyone’s brain is wired differently. Social stories, which outline specific situations and appropriate behaviors, can also be effective in helping your child understand autism and navigate social interactions. For example, you could create a social story about going to a birthday party and explain how to interact with other children.

3. Highlight Strengths and Abilities

Emphasize your child’s strengths and abilities rather than focusing solely on the challenges and behaviors associated with autism. Help them recognize that many successful individuals throughout history have been on the autism spectrum. Share stories of famous people who have achieved great things despite their differences, highlighting the unique and valuable contributions individuals with autism can make to the world. For instance, you could talk about famous scientists, artists, or musicians who have autism.

4. Encourage Self-Acceptance and Empowerment

Teach your child to embrace their autism and develop a positive self-image. Help them understand that autism is a part of who they are but does not define their worth or potential. Foster a sense of empowerment by using social skills and encouraging them to advocate for themselves and their needs. Teach them that it is okay to ask for support and accommodations when necessary. Let them know that everyone has strengths and weaknesses, and make children with autism understand that it’s important to focus on their abilities and what makes them unique.

5. Provide a Safe Space for Questions and Discussions

Create an open and non-judgmental environment where your child feels comfortable asking questions about autism. Be prepared to answer their inquiries honestly and age-appropriately. If your child asks and you are unsure about how to respond, acknowledge their question and offer to research or seek guidance together. Encourage open discussions and validate their feelings and experiences. You can say something like, “I’m here to listen and talk and help you understand. If there’s anything you want to know or talk about, just ask.”

6. Connect with Autism Communities and Support Groups

Engage with autism communities and support groups to connect with other families, introducing children who are going through similar experiences. These communities can provide valuable resources, guidance, and opportunities for your child to interact with peers and other children who have autism. By participating in these communities, you and your child can gain a sense of belonging and support. Attend local support group meetings, join online forums, and participate in community events focused on autism. This will help your child realize that they are not alone and that there are others who share similar experiences.

7. Foster a Sense of Inclusion and Acceptance

Teach your child about acceptance and inclusion by exposing them to diverse environments and promoting empathy and social skills. Encourage them to celebrate differences and treat others with kindness and respect. Help them understand that everyone has unique qualities, and it’s important to embrace and respect those differences. Encourage your child to engage in activities that will promote empathy and inclusion in social situations, such as volunteering or participating in community events. Teach them about neurodiversity and explain that the world needs all kinds of minds to thrive.


Remember, explaining autism to a child with autism is an ongoing process. Be patient, understanding, and flexible in your approach. Tailor your explanations to your child and family’s individual needs and preferences. Seek professional guidance from therapists, educators, and autism specialists who can provide personalized strategies to support your child’s understanding and acceptance of their autism diagnosis.

By fostering self-acceptance, providing accurate information to other parents, and creating a supportive family environment, you can help your child navigate their autism journey with confidence and resilience. With your love, understanding, and support, your child can grow up to be proud of who they are and make meaningful contributions to the world.


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